What is Plagiarism and How to Avoid Infringing It (from Creative Writing Course)?

Article Title: What is Plagiarism and How to Avoid Infringing It (from Creative Writing Course)?
Author: Craig Lock
Category (key words): Plagiarism, Writing, Creative Writing, Writing Hints/Tips, Creative Writing Course, Writing Course, Online Writing Course (enough there for now, craig!)
Web sites

http://www.amazon.com/-/e/B005GGMAW4 http://www.creativekis.com/amazon.html and http://goo.gl/vTpjk



The submitter’s blogs (with extracts from his various writings: articles, books and new manuscripts) are at www.craigswritingarticles.wordpress.com www.nzwriter.com and http://craigsblogs.wordpress.com

Other Articles are available at: http://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/user/15565 and http://www.ideamarketers.com/library/profile.cfm?writerid=981
(Personal growth, self help, writing, internet marketing, spiritual, ‘spiritual writings’ (how ‘airey-fairey’), words of inspiration and money management, how boring now, craig!)

Publishing Guidelines:

We hope that the following article (which is a lesson from our online writing course) may be informative and helpful to your e-zine readers, or on your web site. If it helps others “out there” in any way, then we’re very happy. This article (as with all my articles) may be freely published, electronically or in print.

“We share what we know, so that we all may grow.”

What is Plagiarism and How to Avoid Infringing It
(from Eagle Productions Online Creative Writing Course)

How to Avoid “Stepping over the Line”* (ie. infringing it)?
…so you won’t upset other writers.

* that’s a metaphor, btw.


Wow – what a big word, like “marmalade” or “earth-moving-contractor”. Hope I spelt it correctly! PLAGIARISM is deliberately copying someone else’s work and putting your name to it. A couple of years ago, there was a celebrated case in my former homeland, South Africa. A university lecturer had copied extracts from American author, Joseph Leyleveld’s excellent book, MOVE YOUR SHADOW. ( An excellent book, by the way!). A big extract was taken word for
word and he was discovered (and was forced to resign his prestigious position). Naughty naughty!

I’ve just read a report of how a fine piece of descriptive writing by an academic at one of the best Universities in South Africa appeared almost verbatim in a novel by a prominent South African author. The passages in question were nearly identical in both works. Another well-known South African journalist also recently “faithfully” reproduced the work of another writer by uplifting lage tracts of another’s creativity. Seems to be a lot of plagiarism occuring in “the beloved country” South Africa!

There has also been a bit of a furore (nice word!) with celebrated American historian Stephen Ambrose using another writer’s work – word for word. Rather humiliating and embarrassing for him getting “caught out” (can I end a sentence with a “preppie”?). Plagiarism seems to be quite prevalent amongst songwriters, like George Michael, but bet there are many writers too. “Prima donnas”! When deciding whether you are perhaps infringing copyright and/or plagiarism, ask yourself these important questions:

1. “If I was the author, how would I feel about someone ‘copying my hard-worked for writing’ ?” Sometimes
lifting it outright ‘word-for-word’ with “zilch” acknowledgement.

2. “Has the writer made a genuine effort to put the material into his/her own words?”

3. “Has he/she just
copied or borrowed my ideas and other points from my writing?”

4. Do you feel someone has deliberately set out to “steal” another authors work, “purporting” (is there such a word?) to be their original piece of creativity?

I think “imitation is the sincerest form of flattery”! Still don’t plagiarise my work, please! DEFAMATION: DEFAMATION (not a bodily function – OOPS, ER ! )… but if you do, you will soon be really deep in the “rich brown stuff”. Always keep a good name. Avoid libel suits (must replace mine someday the lot/financial fortunes of the writer!). Never defame anyone in your writing, especially after they’ve “fallen off their perch” (ie. after they are deceased – thanks Monty Python). As writers we are very privileged people, who can directly influence public opinion. Most other people don’t have the opportunity to defend themselves through the avenue of publicly written words. So it’s a heavy responsibility we writers have to convey the truth (is that subjective or absolute? – that’s an entire essay in itself). Well our opinion of it, anyway!

If you haven’t a kind word to say against someone, don’t say it at all. “Mr Goody Goody two-shoes” (but in my crazy travel book about my European adventures HERE,THERE and EVERYWHERE, you’ll find out why I only had one!).
Hard sometimes, when you are reporting the facts, as you saw them and want to market your work sometimes; because controversy always sells…like bad news headlines sell newspapers. Most of the above information is based on pure common-sense (what’s that?) and using your discernment. However, many writers don’t have an
abundance of the aforementioned qualities in making judgements.

“Writers should also be business-people and try to think like them; but then any business-person would have the good sense not to become a writer.”
– me (but originally thought borrowed from an unknown author).

A word (or two or three) of advice regarding plagiarism… In writing follow the following (sounds “funny” that!) creeds: When in doubt about what course to take (not English III), just ask yourself this: If you were the author, would you like someone else copying your work, or saying ‘those things’ about you. Use judicious judgment (note alliteration) and when in doubt, rather err on the side of caution. Even if you have been badly hurt by someone in the past, don’t be tempted to retaliate and take vengeance for “the sordid past” through your words. Everyone has made mistakes they may regret in life, so think the best of people. At least try! Enough moralising and back to my original topic.

We are all human (although many writers are “abnormally human”) and we all do make many mistakes down the “river of life” (or should I have said “as we negotiate the rapids of life”? – that’s a metaphor, btw). Stop rambling “rose” and get back to what you were writing about, Craig. Yes, plagiarism….

If you do happen to inadvertently (big word, eh – so should I rather have said “unintentionally”?) plagiarise another author’s work, admit your error and apologise to them. (That happened to me once with a well-known author….
and I was the culprit early on in my writing “career”). Opps, er sorry!

* One Law of Professional Plagiarism, which may be of importance among accomplished plagiarists states that: ‘If it’s worth stealing, it’s worth stealing accurately.’ So on no account simply tinker with another writer’s words. Always acknowledge the lifting verbatim all writing of others (not only the 400 words + normally accepted as the limit, which may be freely reproduced without seeking authorisation).

* Author’s Note: These points (as well as some others) were based on a report in the South African Weekly Mail and Guardian online newspaper (excellent, btw) of 4th Feb 2005, then re-written by me)

I believe INTENT is the key here (as with the law). Did an author deliberately set out to copy some other writer’s work, intending to pass it off as their own creation? For whatever reason: whether ego, self satisfaction, self-agrandisement* etc.

Now that’s a big impressive word and it’s the first time I’ve used it, so hope I spelt it correctly (in either British or American English)!

Incidentally, thanks Glenn for advising me that in US law, intent is not strictly required – even unintentional plagiarism won’t protect you. So be careful.
* Big word, eh…like marmalade.

After that little “ramble” and to end off this piece, my advice is simply…Don’t try to camouflage your pilfering by means of tiny alterations, cunningly inserted here and there. Use quotation marks and give due accreditation of your source(s).

To summarise, here are a few words to conclude on the subjects of plagiarism and defamation…

Be ethical at all times. Always write with ABSOLUTE HONESTY (from your particular perspective), in utmost GOOD FAITH and INTEGRITY…and as the proverb wisely advises: “Do unto others, as you would have them do unto you.” Then you can’t go wrong in your writing.

Happy writing down the creative path of self discovery

Craig Lock (Eagle Productions NZ)

“Plagiarism occurs, when someone else steals your work.
When many people do, it’s called research!”

“If you have integrity, nothing else matters.
If you don’t have integrity, nothing else matters.”
– Alan K. Simpson

About the author:
Craig is a writer, who believes in (and loves) sharing information with a touch of humour, as well as encouraging and helping others to find their talents and gifts, to strive for and accomplish their dreams in life – whatever they may be.
Craig likes (rather loves) to share knowledge and insights from his life experiences with dashes of humour to try and help others in ‘every little way’ he can… without being too much of a “Mr goody-goody boring two shoes”. (He can’t anyway, because he’s lost the other one already). Craig loves writing; but then what other job would be suitable for him!

‘Write Rite and be Published: All that I Know about Writing, How to Write Creatively’. This e-book is available at http://www.amazon.com/-/e/B005GGMAW4

The various books that Craig “felt inspired to write” (including his numerous books on the art of writing) are available at

The various books* that Craig “felt inspired to write” are available at http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=la_B005GGMAW4_sr?rh=i%3Abooks&field-author=Craig+Lock
http://www.amazon.com/-/e/B005GGMAW4  http://www.creativekis.com/amazon.html and http://goo.gl/vTpjk


All proceeds go to needy and underprivileged children –


“Writing is the only profession where no one considers you ridiculous if you earn no money.”

Jules Renard
The submitter’s blogs (with extracts from his various writings: articles, books and new manuscripts) are at www.craigswritingarticles.wordpress.com www.nzwriter.com and http://craigsblogs.wordpress.com

“The world’s smallest and most exclusive bookstores”

“Together, one mind, one life at a time, let’s see how many people we can impact, encourage, empower, uplift and perhaps even inspire to reach their fullest potentials.”


“They say that if enough chimpanzees were put in front of enough word processors for enough time, eventually one of them would write Hamlet.”


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4 Responses to “What is Plagiarism and How to Avoid Infringing It (from Creative Writing Course)?”

  1. What is Plagiarism and How to Avoid Infringing It (from Creative Writing Course)? | How to Write and Publish YOUR Book Says:

    […] What is Plagiarism and How to Avoid Infringing It (from Creative Writing Course)? […]


  2. craiglock Says:

    MANY MORE COMMENTS OVERNIGHT (many thousands already on this blog and hundreds of thousands already on my other blogs…true!) …so hope it’s not slowing down your loading speed!). Am really pleased you are enjoying my writings, as the reason I write is to share.
    Am having to remove many and so sorry can’t reply individually, but DO try to read as many as possible daily
    so “thanks for the thanx”
    “As we live and move and have our being, so from this vision, we create heaven in our own lives… and perhaps even heaven on earth.”
    – craig (as inspired by Acts 17:28 and the words of Felicia Searcy)
    “Aim at the earth and you may not get off the ground.
    “Aim at the stars and you may reach the moon.”
    “Aim at heaven and you’ll have earth thrown in…
    and you may even hit the stars.”
    – craig (as inspired by the famous quote by CS Lewis – 24th May 2012)
    “When once you have tasted flight, you will forever walk the earth with your eyes turned skyward, for there you have been, and there you will always long to return.”
    – Leonardo da Vinci
    “If a man is called to be a street-sweeper,
    he should sweep streets even as Michelangelo painted,
    or Beethoven composed music, or
    Shakespeare wrote poetry.
    He should sweep streets so well
    that all the hosts of heaven and earth will pause to say,
    here lived a great street sweeper
    who did his job well.”
    – Dr Martin Luther King, Jr.

    The various books that Craig “felt inspired to write” are available at: http://www.amazon.com/-/e/B005GGMAW4

    All proceeds go to needy and underprivileged children –


    Instead of trying to reply to each one of you, I’ll just keep on writing
    “If the doctor told me I had six minutes to live, I’d type a little faster.”
    http://www.amazon.com/-/e/B005GGMAW4 and and http://www.creativekiwis.com/amazon.html

    “Let not our beliefs set us apart, but rather let our shared humanity define and unite us.”.
    – me


  3. craiglock Says:


    If you can keep your head when all about you
    Are losing theirs and blaming it on you;
    If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
    But make allowance for their doubting too:
    If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
    Or, being lied about, don’t deal in lies,
    Or being hated don’t give way to hating,
    And yet don’t look too good, nor talk too wise;

    If you can dream—and not make dreams your master;
    If you can think—and not make thoughts your aim,
    If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster
    And treat those two impostors just the same:.
    If you can bear to hear the truth you’ve spoken
    Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
    Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken,
    And stoop and build’em up with worn-out tools;

    If you can make one heap of all your winnings
    And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
    And lose, and start again at your beginnings,
    And never breathe a word about your loss:
    If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew
    To serve your turn long after they are gone,
    And so hold on when there is nothing in you
    Except the Will which says to them: “Hold on!”

    If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,
    Or walk with Kings—nor lose the common touch,
    If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you,
    If all men count with you, but none too much:
    If you can fill the unforgiving minute
    With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run,
    Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,
    And—which is more—you’ll be a Man, my son!

    Rudyard Kipling


  4. craiglock Says:

    Reblogged this on Craig's List of Writings.


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